Budhism Essay

5300 Words Oct 26th, 2014 22 Pages
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Ensō
Zen art exemplifies the Zen ideals of simplicity and spontaneity, and most often takes the form of calligraphy and simple ink drawings.
The Zen circle, a popular motif in Zen art, represents the entire universe in a single, perfect stroke. Although simple, images like this are difficult to paint successfully and thus must be done with a clear mind focused on the task.

Abhaya Mudra (Gesture of Fearlessness)
Abhaya in Sanskrit means fearlessness, and the abhaya mudra symbolizes protection, peace, and the dispelling of fear. The gesture is made with the right hand raised to shoulder height, arm bent, and palm facing outward.
The gesture is an ancient one, demonstrating that the
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The abhaya mudra is the gesture of the fifth Dhyani Buddha, Amoghasiddhi. By meditating on him, Amoghasiddhi helps in overcoming the delusion of jealousy and transforming it into the wisdom of accomplishment. Since jealousy can be seen as a type of fear, the gesture of fearlessness is appropriate for this Buddha.

Bhumisparsha (Earth Witness) Mudra
Bhumisparsha means 'touching the earth'. It is more commonly known as the 'earth witness' mudra. Thismudra, formed with all five fingers of the right hand extended to touch the ground, symbolizes the Buddha's enlightenment under the bodhi tree, when he summoned the earth goddess, Sthavara, to bear witness to his attainment of enlightenment.
The right hand, placed upon the right knee in earth-pressing mudra, and complemented by the left hand-which is held flat in the lap in the dhyana mudra of meditation, symbolizes the union of method and wisdom, samasara and nirvana, and also the realizations of the conventional and ultimate truths. It is in this posture that Shakyamuni overcame the obstructions of Mara while meditating on Truth.
The second Dhyani Buddha, Akshobhya, is depicted in this mudra. He is believed to transform the delusion of anger into mirror-like wisdom. It is this metamorphosis that the Bhumisparsha mudra helps in bringing about.

Buddha Eyes (Wisdom Eyes)
On virtually every stupa (Buddhist shrine) in Nepal, there are giant pairs

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