Buddhist Reflection On The World Religion

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How does Buddhism reflect the human understanding of God or the ‘Other’

With a population of 23 million Australia has grown into one the most culturally and linguistically diverse societies in the world. With this comes a wide variety of religions - over 120 in fact. Out of these religions there are five that are considered to be the ‘world religions’; they are, Buddhism, Judaism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. Each religion allows its followers to explore a world beyond their day-to-day experiences and to gain an understanding into the mystery of God or the ‘other’. The core beliefs practised by Buddhists are derived from the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, and they pave the path to enlightenment. Although the teachings of
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This dimension is in reference to the rituals and practices of religions. For Buddhist’s, two key practices/rituals are meditation and ‘going for refuge’. Meditation is a very important practice in which Buddhists follow their breaths in order to become one with their breathing. This allows followers to improve their physical and mental health; to relax; to create a feeling of happiness and it allows them to control and understand their mind and how to use their minds in other practises that lead to enlightenment. The ritual of ‘going for refuge’ is one that plays a large role in paving the path to enlightenment. It is also seen as the defining act of a Buddhist life as it confirms their commitment to the religion. Traditionally, this refuge is about Buddhist’s expressing their aspiration of enlightenment to the three Refuges, the Buddha, his Dharma (teaching) and the Sangha (spiritual community). In order to take refuge believes must have understanding about suffering and confidence that the three refuges can help. To complete the ritual, they must commit themselves to the path by keeping vows (refer to appendix 1). From this, it can be seen that meditation and ‘going for refuge’ are key practises/rituals that lead Buddhists to reach the ultimate goal of enlightenment and assist in the finding of the answers to the “big questions’ about …show more content…
In the Buddhist religion the key behaviour limits come under the Five Precepts and the Addition Precepts, while a key law is Karma. The five precepts (refer to appendix 4) outline five key codes of behaviour that are important to Buddhist as they help in ensuring that they are able to attain enlightenment. The Buddha, on his journey toward attaining enlightenment, founded these precepts. After the Buddha, the next few followers outlined the Additional Precepts (refer to appendix 5), which also help in ensuring followers are able to attain enlightenment. Unlike the precepts, the law of Karma is the law that every cause has an effect. This basically means our actions will have results. Under the Buddhist belief of Karma many ‘big questions’ can be answered including: the inequality we face; why some people live shorter lives than others; and why people are born handicapped and gifted. After looking at these key concepts within Smart’s dimension of ‘Ethical and Legal’ it can be seen that when the Five Precepts, the Additional Precepts and the law of Karama are put into practise together followers are able to reach enlightenment easier and are able to answer some of the ‘big questions’ regarding the mystery of God or ‘the

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