Bronfenbrenner's Bio-Ecological Model Essay

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Bronfenbrenner's Bio – Ecological Model of Human Development:

Outline the key points and analyze its relevance for Early Childhood Education.

Bronfenbrenner was a theorist who "had a profound effect on the way we think about child development and our approaches to working with young children and their families" (Hayes, O’Toole and Halpenny, 2017). Bronfenbrenner's theories have encouraged researchers to shift from studying an isolated child to focusing on studying children whilst they are in social situations or environments (Hayes, O'Toole and Halpenny, 2017). Bronfenbrenner's views on Early Childhood Education and Care were very different to everybody else's during his time. He was not afraid to express his disagreement and his concerns about the wider influence of society on children's development. He believed that social status and income played a huge role in children's development. He felt that if a child was from a disadvantaged area and was friends with a child from a more advantaged home, that they would academically benefit from being friends with this child. Where as if they were friends with another disadvantaged child they would tend to do worse academically (Hayes, O'Toole and Halpenny, 2017). He felt that support and involvement from the caregiver is critical for the development of the child, and that the most important human development happens within the early years. Interactions including feeding, playing and talking should occur
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He attempts to bring the two together during his research and findings. The main aim of the bio – ecological model is to focus on the child. It deals with things such as the child's personality, age, gender, temperament, self – esteem, health, stage of cognitive development and so on. *His bio – ecological model highlighted the importance of various types of relationships that children build throughout their

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