Broken Window Policing Theory

1743 Words 7 Pages
Broken windows policing has been used in New York City from the 1990’s until present time. Broken windows theory was first described by George Kelling and James Wilson in an Atlantic Monthly article published in 1982. The success of dropping major crime rate in New York City was due to external factors not controlled under the policing method. The premature legitimization given to James Wilson and George Kelling, paved the way for the racist “ stop and frisk” procedure to occur in New York City. The broken windows policing is not an effective strategy for reducing crime and it gives officers an amble amount of discretion to discriminate, the real reason for a decrease in crime is contributed to the decrease in the rate of unemployment. In …show more content…
Mayor Dinkins implemented a police reform during his tenure at city hall from 1990-1993. His plan included 1.8 billion dollars to hire eight thousand new officers and he hired Lee Brown as commissioner, whom favored community policing. Under Lee Brown, officers were required to regularly patrol neighborhoods, start a personal rapport with the residents, and help solve problems other than 911 calls. Mayor Dinkins successor was Rudy Giuliani, whom help strong convictions towards the crack down on petty crime. During his time in office, Mayor Giuliani employed 3,660 new officers and hired the notorious Bill Bratton to be police commissioner, whom strongly believed in the effectiveness of broken windows policing. Under Mayor Giuliani, New York City took a zero tolerance for petty crime by booking the smallest of offenses. Mayor Bloomberg followed Rudy Giuliani’s precedent in 2001 by executing a practice called “stop and frisk,” which was headed by Raymond Kelly, who was the police commissioner. The “stop and frisk” tactic has been under severe scrutiny for its discriminating tendencies. The mayors since Dinkins has used broken windows policing as their preference for crime prevention. Analyzing the crime rate and the arrest rate under Dinkins and Giuliani offer an insight to the racist practices attributed to the broken windows strategy have on the communities. The murder rate in New York City fell 30.0 percent from 1990 to 1994, and it continued to drop during Giuliani’s tenure (Business Insider). Also in the 1990’s, the felony arrests increased by 60.0 percent, which caused real criminals to be off the street. If the broken windows theory worked then shouldn’t felony arrests go down because the strategy focuses on preventing felonies from

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