British Honduras Essay

1687 Words 7 Pages
Throughout the years, the Europeans were claiming territories in countries such as Africa, Asia and The Americas . The British for example had many colonies in the Americas. One of them were British Honduras which today 's name is Belize. The British occupied the place in the seventieth century on Spain’s territory. Everything happened in 1862, where British Honduras became the official colony of Great Britain with the Guatemalan Treaty puts thing to an end in an anonymous note. Today British Honduras that is known as Belize became independent and sovereignty, being a part of the UN and the Caribbean community.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, Spain tried to maintain a monopoly on trade and colonization in its New World colonies, but northern
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The economy improved during WW2 as many men from Belize entered the war zone. During the war, the colony 's economy moved because of the pressures caused by the war 's budget being spent. Britain 's made a decision to revalue the British Honduras dollar in 1949 terrible economic conditions and that led to the creation of the People 's Committee, that demanded independence. The British were reluctant to set up any formal government for the settlement for fear of provoking the Spanish. On their own initiative, settlers had begun electing magistrates to establish common law as early as 1738. In 1765 these regulations were codified and expanded into Burnaby 's Code. When the settlers began returning to the area in 1784, Colonel Edward Marcus Despard was named superintendent to oversee the Settlement of Belize in the Bay of Honduras. The 1786 Convention of London allowed the British settlers to cut and export timber but not to build fortifications, establish any form of government, or develop plantation agriculture. Spain retained sovereignty over the …show more content…
The Belizean representatives to the talks made no concessions, and a proposal, called the Heads of Agreement, was initialed on March 11, 1981. However, when ultraright political forces in Guatemala labeled the proponents as sellouts, the Guatemalan government refused to ratify the agreement and withdrew from the negotiations. Meanwhile, the opposition in Belize engaged in violent demonstrations against the Heads of Agreement. A state of emergency was declared. However, the opposition could offer no real alternatives. With the prospect of independence celebrations in the offing, the opposition 's morale fell. Independence came to Belize on September 21, 1981 after the Belize Act 1981, without reaching an agreement with Guatemala.
With Price at the helm, the PUP won all elections until 1984. In that election, first national election after independence, the PUP was defeated by the United Democratic Party (UDP), and UDP leader Manuel Esquivel replaced Price as prime minister. Price returned to power after elections in 1989. Guatemala’s president formally recognized Belize’s independence in 1992. The following year the United Kingdom announced that it would end its military involvement in Belize. All British soldiers were withdrawn in 1994, apart from a small contingent of troops who remained to train Belizean

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