Breastfeeding State Laws : A Part Of The Healthy People 2020 Initiative

1164 Words Nov 16th, 2015 5 Pages
“77 percent of new mothers are breast-feeding their babies,” according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention’s 2013 Breast Feeding Report Card (Castillo). The National Conference of State Legislatures’ article “Breastfeeding State Laws” describes, “As a part of the Healthy People 2020 initiative, the national goal is to increase the proportion of mothers who breastfeed their babies in the early postpartum period to 81.9 percent by the year 2020.” Many mothers are hesitant to chose between the two common methods of infant feeding, breastfeeding and formula feeding. Breastfeeding and instant formula have different benefits for both mother and child, including physiological and convenience benefits. Breast milk has been available to mothers since the existence of the human. Because not all mothers were capable of performing this task due to medical lactation failures or maternal death during labor, wet nurses were created. The role of a wet nurse, or a woman that breastfeeds another’s child, was created as early as 2000 BC and lasted until the 20th century (Stevens). During later centuries of this range, wet nurses became an accessory rather than a necessity (Stevens). Clay vessels with nipple-shaped spouts have been found in graves of newborn infants dating from 2000 BC and onward. These bottles suggest breast milk substitute was established during these times, most likely to be animal milk (Stevens). Since the use of animal milk, alternatives were evolved…

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