Essay on Breast Cancer : The Uncontrolled Growth Of Breast Cells

1129 Words Apr 22nd, 2016 5 Pages
Understanding Breast Cancer
Dianna M Reyes
Wichita State University Breast cancer is defined as the uncontrolled growth of breast cells. Cancer happens as a result of mutations, or abnormal changes, in the genes responsible for regulating the growth of cells and keeping them healthy. In a healthy individual, their bodies replace themselves. The new cells take over when the old cells die out. But in a patient with cancer, mutations occurred causing some genes to turn off and others to turn on in a cell. As a result, the cell now has the ability to keep dividing uncontrollably, producing more mutated cells which then causes a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Breast cancer refers to the malignant tumor that has developed from cells in the breast. With breast cancer you also have different stages, the stages are dictated by how far the cancer cells have spread beyond the original tumor. Did you know that “only 5-10% of cancer are due to an abnormality inherited from you mother or father” (2015). The rest is caused because of abnormalities that can happen with age, or genetics.
However there are rick factors that you can control that will increase your risk for developing breast cancer. Many of the risk factors are beyond control such as family history, age, and ethnicity. But the risk factors that you can control include 1) Weight: if you are overweight you have an increased risk of breast cancer, especially for women after menopause. Why? Because after…

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