Annotated Bibliography: Breast Cancer

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Annotated Bibliography
Introduction:
This annotated bibliography will be based on the condition of breast cancer and its relevant treatment. Breast cancer is the most common female cancer and globally remains a major public health concern (Meade and Dowling 2012). The condition will be evaluated from a prospective of nursing care, the relevant treatment, and the management of patients with the condition. The electronic database CINAHL, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, MEDLINE and PsycINFO will be used.

Search strategy on the topic of breast cancer and the relevant treatment.

Database search strategy: What did you do? Why did you do this? (explain your thinking) What was the result?
What initial search terms did you use and how
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1. Meade,Elizabeth;Dowling,Maura;. (2012) early breast cancer: diagnosis, treatment and survivorship. British Journal of Nursing, 353(967), pp. 4-9.

(Meade and Dowling 2012) describes how breast cancer is the most common female cancer and internationally remains a general wellbeing concern. In 2008, there were 48034 new cases of breast cancer diagnosed, 47693 of these (99%) were in women and 341 (less than 1%) were in men. Also (Meade and Dowling 2012) conveys how mortality rates have improved in European countries where screening mammography has been presented. Additionally, the risk factors associated with breast cancer is illustrated by (Meade and Dowling 2012). Factors such as age, gender, reproductive history, hormonal factors and family history. Socioeconomic groups is presented to be directly related to the development of breast cancer. Women from higher socioeconomic groups have higher rates of breast cancer and women from lower socioeconomic groups have lower rates. Furthermore (Meade and Dowling 2012) talks about treatment option such as surgery, radiotherapy, systemic treatments, adjuvant chemotherapy and hormone manipulation. Survivorship is said to be improving with the introduction of breast screening and adjuvant therapies (Berry et al 2005). A range of resources are cited as useful for understanding early breast cancer, diagnosis, treatment and survivorship. These resources range from being
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Breast cancer is the most common female cancer and globally remains a major public health issue worldwide (Meade and Dowling 2012; John R et al 2009; Dabakuyo et al 2013). This essay will be analysing and evaluating breast cancer from a prospective of nursing care, the relevant treatment, and the management of patients with the condition There is a large amount of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer yearly. According to (Meade and Dowling 2012) “In 2008, there were 48034 new cases of breast cancer diagnosed in the UK”. 47693 of these (99%) were in women. Unfortunately most patients diagnosed with breast cancer usually know little about the condition in terms of how it can be treated. This can lead to patients becoming distress and very pessimistic about the overall outcome. Studies have shown women who are less pessimistic feel better emotionally at the start of their treatment (Sohl et al 2012). Therefore, there is a lot of obligation on nurses and other health care professionals to educate breast cancer patients in this area. This will help reduce anxiety and worry for breast cancer patients and will empower them to overcome and adjust to the stressful experience (Chui Ping et al 2011). Also encouraging patients with breast cancer to engage in physical activity and providing ongoing motivational support has been proven to have huge benefits towards patient’s quality of life and potential recovery

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