Essay about Bram Stoker’s Dracula, Capitalism, and Reverse Colonization

656 Words Nov 8th, 2008 3 Pages
Franco Moretti, unlike Stephen Arata’s account addresses how Stoker and even Frankenstein’s Mary Shelley, emphasize problems within the society during the Victorian era. Morettimakes it clear that the fear in both books is created by the protagonist ultimately making the reader see that advancing technology, family, and traditions could be compromised by the monsters of the books. Moretti also explains that ascetic of terror in Dracula “is celebrated the victory ‘of the desire for possession over that of enjoyment’; and possession as such, indifferent to consumption, is by its very nature insatiable and unlimited” (Moretti, 84). This helps the reader see that "If the vampire is a metaphor for capital, then Stoker's vampire, who is of 1897, …show more content…
This means that “the fear if that what has been represented as the “civilized” world is on the point of being colonized by ‘primitive’ forces. These forces can originate outside the civilized world, or can adhere in the civilized itself” (Arata, 623). Now, instead “the colonizer finds himself in the position of the colonized, the exploiter becomes exploited, the victimizer victimized. Such fears are linked to a perceived decline-racial, moral, spiritual- which makes the nation vulnerable to attack from more vigorous, ‘primitive’ peoples.” (623). Dracula makes a move from Transylvania to England who is colonizing throughout the world. The social, political, and economical time of the book is used to personify Dracula as Britain who had concerns about their empire being gothicized. “Only in Dracula is Stoker’s career-long interest in the decline of empire explicitly an interest in the decline of the British empire. Only this novel does he manage to imbricate Gothic fantasy and contemporary politics” (626). Not only does Arata describe Stoker’s novel through the Gothic but also through the travel narrative which highlights the fear and guilt of the reverse colonization narrative. “For Stoker, the Gothic and the travel narrative problematize, separately and together, the very boundaries on which British imperial hegemony depended: between civilized and primitive, colonizer and colonized, victimizer (either imperialist or vampire) and victim. By

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