Bowlby 's Theory Of Attachment Essay

1211 Words Oct 4th, 2016 5 Pages
Bowlby formulated the Theory of Attachment. Attachment is a universal phenomenon where babies form a relationship and attach to the person who responds to their needs. There are four different phases to the development of attachment. Through these four stages, the bond will form between an infant and the adult and through the intimate relationship; the infant will be able to develop more successful relationships with others that mirror its first relationship with their trusted caretaker. The attachment theory is widely accepted as universal phenomenon, however cultural factors influence the infant’s patterns of development. The Attachment Theory suggests that all humans need emotional connections and intimate relationships, mothers have a significant influence on the baby’s development, and their relationships development at a young age can influence their future relationships Snyder et al. (2012). The idea that it is important that an infant and its caretaker can develop a relationship where the infant can depend on the caretaker when the baby is in distress is universally accepted Snyder et al. (2012). A baby will experience different phases of attachment before they develop separation anxiety, which is feeling upset when their caretaker leaves Snyder et al. (2012). There are four different phases of attachment. The first phase is the preattachment phase where the baby’s facial expression will persuade other adults to comfort them (Berk, 2014). In the attachment in the…

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