Essay about Bowlby 's Attachment Behaviour As An Instinctive Reaction

1643 Words Jun 14th, 2016 null Page
Bowlby (1951) saw attachment behaviour as an instinctive reaction. The infant will use social releasers, such as crying and smiling to seek proximity to the primary caregiver, to ensure survival in evolutionary times. The infant will use social releasers when proximity to the caregiver is threatened, such as by separation, insecurity or fear. Social releasers will stimulate caregiving in adults, so that care and responsiveness become determinant for attachment. A securely attached child will regulate its emotions well, and the secure attachment will act as a safe base for the child to explore the world from. Bowlby believed if the bond to the attachment figure gets broken or interrupted, especially in the sensitive period, the child will suffer from maternal deprivation, leading to long term emotional consequences, such as increased aggression, depression and affectionless psychopathy.
Quality of attachment is a crucial part of creating emotional regulation in infants. Interruption or absence of attachment to a main caregiver or even peer can have severe long term effects on emotion regulation, possibly also leading to mental health disorders.

Children can form many types of attachment to their caregivers that lead to better or worse emotional regulation. Ainsworth (1969) identified four main attachment patterns, using the strange situation protocol. Secure children are thought of to be in the knowledge that the primary caregiver will be attentive to their needs. This…

Related Documents