Booker T. Washington 's Speech Essay

1047 Words Oct 15th, 2015 null Page
After the Civil War, African Americans were forced to deal with great discrimination. At the same time, two of the most influential black leaders of the time, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois, attempted to improve African Americans’ situations in two very different ways. Though these men had very different philosophies, they shared a mutual goal: gaining equality and civil rights for blacks.
Booker T. Washington was born a slave and emancipated at nine years old. He attended Hampton Institute in Virginia, a school run by whites. His school believed that African Americans needed to build up their character before pursuing an intellectual education. In Washington’s speech given in Atlanta in 1895, he speaks about his philosophies and what blacks should do about gaining civil rights. The philosophies important to him included self-help, racial solidarity, and accommodation. He advised blacks to remain in the South, accept segregation, and avoid politics. It sounds as if self-help and education were most important to Washington. Again, he encouraged blacks to build up their character, and also founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and modeled it after Hampton, which shows how important black education was to him. W.E.B. DuBois grew up in Massachusetts. He did not experience slavery, as his ancestors were free blacks. DuBois attended both Fisk University and Harvard, and obtained a Ph.D. in history. In DuBois’s essay, “Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others,” he shares his…

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