Essay on Book Review: the Analects of Confucius

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Book Review: The Analects of Confucius

China experienced a lot of the revolutionary changes and a proliferation of new ideas in the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period. These periods can be represented as chaotic periods, so eventually there were many tries for solving the disorders of the societies by many philosophers[1]. Philosophers in those periods tried to address within these historical context and requests such as the needs for stability and reunification. Among them, Confucius has become the most noticeable philosopher, and his thought, Confucianism, has influenced significantly the cultures and histories of countries in East Asia such as China, Korea, and Japan. The analects of Confucius is a record of words
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However, the difference between the idea of the Mandate of Heaven and Confucianism, Confucius gave more weight on virtue of common people. Confucius said that a gentleman is a person who is familiar with what is right, by contrast a small man is a person who desires profit first[5]. He believed people should cultivate virtue and become gentlemen, and he stressed the importance of study as a way of cultivating virtue. This thought was reflected by the social needs of his day. At that time, rulers needed wise men who can help with ruling their states and solving the social disorder of their states, so they looked for educated people with good ideas. These different social needs from the Zhou dynasty made many philosophers think about the cosmos and education, and finally these movements led a proliferation of new ideas in the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period. Confucius was one of these philosophers, and has become one of the most important philosophers in East Asian history.

Although there is no doubt Confucius has been played an important role in the culture and history of East Asia, we cannot say that he made great achievements in his life time. He had probably been an official of the state of Lu, but he left the court because of his upright personality[6]. There are many evidences in the Analects that prove

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