Blood Donors In A Tertiary Care Hospital Case Study

Great Essays
Sero-prevalence and Trends of Transfusion transmitted Infections among 706853 Blood Donors in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Jaipur
Introduction:
Blood Transfusion Services is an essential part of the National Health Service. There is no substitute for Blood and its components. Blood transfusion is lifesaving in some situations as well as it has potential life threatening hazards. Transfusion of unscreened blood and its components significantly exposes the patient to potential risk of transmitting infections like HIV, Hepatitis, Syphilis and Malaria etc. and increases the morbidity and mortality.
Even with strict strategies and policies, transmission of disease still occurs because of inability of testing methods to detect the infection in ‘window
…show more content…
Records of total 706853 donors were analysed for the study. The Voluntary donations were primarily obtained from blood donation camps organised by the NGO’s and societies. Replacement donors include family members, friends of the ailing patients and close relatives. Care was taken to avoid paid/professional donors by taking medical history and clinical examination. Basic information of donors including age, sex, occupation, medication, previous donations etc. were obtained. Donors were selected as per inclusion and exclusion criterion as …show more content…
This survey gives the idea about the epidemiology of these diseases in community and also helps in assessing the safety of blood products.
As per Indian National AIDS Control Organization [2011-2012] India has the third largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. The adult HIV prevalence at national level has showed steady decline from 0.41% in 2000 through 0.36% in 2006 to 0.31% in 2009. Rajasthan shows increase from 0.12% to 0.19%. The states of Bihar, Orrisa, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujrat and Madhya Pradesh together account for 41% of new infections. (National AIDS Control Programme Phase III March 2012).
WHO placed India in the intermediate zone in the prevalence of Hepatitis B (2-7%).Prevalence of HbsAg in our blood donors is 1.83% comparable to the study done by Chandra et al, and Srikrishna et al. On the other hand the prevalence of HBV is lower in Western Europe and United States (0.1-0.5%) and reported to be higher, 5-15% in China and South East Asia

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    However, it induced that depression is linked to unhealthy lifestyles, a factor contributing to certain types of cancer. 89,491 individuals were hospitalized for depression, and studied over 12.5 years. The majority of the patients were diagnosed with a primary case of unipolar depression. 45 percent of patients had a second incident of another psychiatric disorder after the first diagnoses, with 17 percent of the patients diagnosed with alcoholic psychiatric disorders. As a result of the study, 9,922 cases of cancer were diagnosed, yielding a 1.05 SIR.…

    • 1392 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Antibiotics (AB) are widely used medicines to treat both life-threatening and trivial infections. Their erroneous use increases the risk of bacterial drug resistance (1). Medications administered inappropriately not only leads to wastage of resources but also carries potential serious and life-threatening adverse effects for the users (2). Resistance to antimicrobial drugs by the microorganism is increasing due to improper use of antibiotics. Microbial resistance is one of the major issues of the health worldwide (3).…

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    History Behind HIV/AIDS

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages

    That means one out of five people with HIV do not know they have it, which leads to about 56,ooo new HIV infections each year. This is why HIV is such a public health concern; people do not know that they have obtained the virus or that they are spreading the virus to others. In Indiana there is a huge HIV outbreak happening. The governor had decided to implement a needle exchange, which is a form of control. The needle exchange is a social service that allows drug users to obtain clean needles.…

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    These symptoms are always reoccurring and just gradually get worse because the virus constantly lives in the equid’s tissues. The latent classification is the worst one because the horse does not show any symptoms of having the disease so the only way to find out if your animal has procured the virus is to test it and is otherwise known as asymptomatic. This virus can be potentially fatal due to the process that takes place once it has entered the body. Some of the signs of infection include thrombocytopenia and anemia. The way the immune system reacts to this disease is very important.…

    • 1288 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Overall patterns were similar for seminoma and nonseminoma patients, with lower risk observed for nonseminoma patients treats after 1975. Statistically significantly increased risks of solid cancers were observed among patients treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy” (Lois, 2005). For patients diagnosed with seminomas or nonseminoma tumors at age 35 years, cumulative risks of solid cancer 40 years later were 36% and 31%, compared to the 23% for the general population” (Lois, 2005). The conclusion for this case study above was said “testicular cancer survivors are at statistically significantly increased risk of solid tumors for at least 35 years after treatment and young patients may experience high level of risks as they reach older ages. It was also stated that statistically the increased risk of malignant mesothelioma in testicular cancer survivors has,…

    • 1221 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Median age at diagnosis is above 65 yrs in men and 71 yrs in women. Urothelial (transitional cell) carcinoma, is the predominant histological type in the USA and Western countries where it accounts for approximately 90-95% of bladder cancers and major risk factors being smoking and occupational exposure (dye, arsenic, aromatic amine, rubber and leather industries) (1,8,9). Whereas chronic infection with Schistosoma haematobium accounts for about 50% of the total burden in developing countries and the histological type is SCC (4,9). In recent decades the overall incidence of bladder cancer in the world appears to be rising and this may be attributed to latent effects of tobacco abuse and industrial carcinogens as well as the overall aging of population (2). Etiology and risk factors The etiology of bladder cancer appears to be multifactorial (exogenous and…

    • 1450 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    Again that is interesting because the United States spend more on health care. When looking at the diseases aspect of how healthy both countries are the percentage of the population that have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes for Germany is 7.9% and for the U.S it is 9.4% (The world Bank). Digging further into the site I found more information that showed that Germany’s population is healthier than the U.S. The infant mortality rate for every 1,000 babies that are born in Germany is 3% and 6% in the U.S. According to Data The World bank, Germany’s health care, 91% of their population’s death is caused by non-communicable disease and in the United States only 88%.…

    • 1879 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Organ Donation Negatives

    • 1565 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The deceased organ donors are selected from those who are pronounced dead and are not too old or sick. There are numerous patients that are encouraged to find a living donor, often a family member, but the donor has to be compatible medically. The living donor transplant either a portion of the organ is transplanted or one of two organs is transplanted. However, the donation process starts when a hospital notifies a local organ procurement organization (OPO) of recent in hospital deaths. (Howards 25).…

    • 1565 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Diabetes Evaluation Essay

    • 1873 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Purpose of the Evaluation The purpose of this program evaluation is to assess the implementation of the program’s activities and outputs, measure the program’s impacts and outcomes, if any, and ultimately to reduce diabetes mellitus (DM) mortality rates to 5 per 100,000. Saudi Arabia has set a goal of reducing DM rates because it has one of the highest prevalence rates in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO) of the World Health Organization (WHO)(Boyce et al., 2011). Saudi Arabia is in the center of a regional hotspot for diabetes prevalence with a national raw data rate of 20.22%. This is exacerbated by the fact that Saudi Arabia has no government entity for monitoring diabetes and no national diabetes prevention plan (Global Diabetes…

    • 1873 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Introduction/Review of Literature Introduction Hospital acquired infections (HAI), also known as healthcare associated infections or nosocomial infections, are infections transmitted to patients while in a hospital or other healthcare facility. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015), there were approximately 722,000 patients suffering from hospital acquired infections in the United States in 2011 of whom 75,000 suffered fatalities. Accordingly, hospital acquired infections accounted for more deaths in 2011 than the 32,367 fatalities from motor vehicle accidents combined with the 41,374 fatalities from breast cancer in 2011 (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014, September; U.S Department of Transportation,…

    • 1608 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays