Essay on Black Intellectual Resistance Tactics Of Brazil

973 Words Mar 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
Black Intellectual Resistance Tactics in Brazil
The protest and resistance tactics employed by black thinkers in Brazil, during the early to late 20th century, took on many forms. In order to investigate the dynamic nature of black resistance, I will focus on responses to two popular ideologies that appear at different points in the century Alberto investigates. The two ideas are scientific racism, and idea of racial mixture. In Terms of Inclusion: Black Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century Brazil, Paulina Alberto is able to convey the dynamic nature of popular ideologies, which encouraged black thinkers to conform and endorse the idea of racial harmony. Furthermore, she is able to show that despite opposition from those who espouse these ideologies, black thinkers, in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Salvador da Bahia, created equally dynamic ways to publically challenge discrimination and to demand for greater inclusion into Brazilian citizenry. Black thinker’s resistance often took one of two forms. The first form was direct denunciation of racism and discrimination. The second form was passionate endorsement of national ideas of racial harmony; however, black thinkers recast the views as shared ideals of racial inclusiveness.
Scientific racism initially manifested itself in Brazil in the early quarter of the 20th century. Scientific racism is an ideology, which emerged, firstly, in Europe. Essentially, the idea proclaimed “the innate and incontestable superiority of whiter…

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