Bipolar Disorder (Types I & Ii) Essay
I decided to write this month’s written report on Bipolar Disorder, as my mother was diagnosed with Bipolar 1 when I was a child. My family fought through the many challenges and fears that came with seeing someone you love battle what she called “demons” in her head. We constantly had to adjust to her moods, check to make sure she was taking her prescribed medications, and at times, we even fought to keep her alive and well. Today, I have a great interest in Mental Health and because this disorder has had such an impact on my life, I want to share with you some …show more content…
Two different types of bipolar disorder are determined by patterns and severity of symptoms of highs and lows. Bipolar I disorder is defined as episodes of full mania alternating with episodes of major depression and is the most severe form of the illness. Patients with mania often exhibit disregard for danger and engage in high-risk behaviors such as promiscuous sexual activity, increased spending, violence, substance abuse, and increased physical and mental activity and energy. At its extreme, both mania and depression can involve hallucinations and delusions.
Bipolar II disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes of major depression and hypomania which is manifested by an elevated and expansive mood. The behaviors characteristic of hypomania are similar to those of mania but without gross lapses of impulse and judgment.
The classical clinical symptoms of bipolar disorder for a depressed episode must be present during the same two-week period, represent a change from previous functioning, and include at least five of the following: * Prolonged sadness or unexplained crying spells * Significant changes in appetite and/or sleep patterns * Irritability, anger, worry, agitation, anxiety * Pessimism, loss of energy, persistent lethargy * Feelings of guilt and worthlessness * Inability to concentrate and/or indecisiveness * Recurring thoughts of death and suicide Symptoms of a manic episode last at