Bipolar Disorder : A Medical Condition That Affects The Brain

1099 Words Apr 8th, 2016 null Page
Bipolar disorder is a medical condition that affects the brain, making it a mental illness. It is also referred to as manic depression illness, which explains why individuals with bipolar disorder are said to experience manic episodes. Such manic episodes cause strange changes in mood and vitality and affect the ability of individuals to carry out their activities of daily living (ADLs). Symptoms of this disorder can result in a high level of disruption in the way individuals interact with other people, deteriorating their productivity in school or work, sometimes even extending to extreme cases that can lead to suicide. The ICD 10 for international coding of disease for bipolar coding is F31.9 (Godwin, 2010).
The etiology of bipolar disorder is idiopathic, though it is believed that the genetic composition and environmental components play a significant role as causal factors of this mental illness. Environmental components can contribute to this disorder especially if an individual has a history of childhood mistreatment, which can cause long-term stress from strongly negative or painful early childhood experiences. Congenital causal factors that are inherited through genetic markers can also affect or exacerbate the disorder, exposing future generations to a higher risk of acquiring bipolar disorder as a result of gene mutations (Strakowki, 2014).
Patients with bipolar disorder are susceptible to encountering a range of distinct mood variations including mania, mixed…

Related Documents