Bipolar Disorder : A Lifelong Mental Disorder Essay

1168 Words Aug 9th, 2016 null Page
Bipolar disorder, previously referred to as manic-depressive illness, is a lifelong mental disorder that involves changes in mood and episodes of depression that occur in cycles. According to Neel Burton on Psychology Today, the first descriptions of bipolar disorder were given in 1854 by Jules Baillarger and Jean-Pierre Falret. The illness worsens as the episodes become more frequent with the passing of time and, if not treated regularly, may result in death. The symptoms of bipolar disorder develop and progress from adolescence to adulthood. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, 2.6% of U.S. adults suffer from bipolar disorder. At its peak, any of these types of bipolar disorder can cause suicidal thoughts and hallucinations. This disorder also has what can be loosely called benefits. During the “highs” of bipolar disorder, a person is more energetic. During the highs “the ideas and feelings are fast and frequent like shooting stars” (Redfield 67). This kind of “benefit” often allows those with the illness to read books faster or develop ideas with much more efficacy. However, these moments are fleeting and are soon followed by episodes of depression or mania.There are four main types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar ⅠDisorder, Bipolar ⅡDisorder, Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (BDNOS), Cyclothymic Disorder, and Rapid-Cycling Bipolar Disorder. Each type of bipolar disorder can be distinguished based on the frequency, patterns, and severity of their…

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