Essay on Biopsychosocial vs. Biomedical Model

951 Words Apr 20th, 2012 4 Pages
Biopsychosocial verses Biomedical Model
Nancy Boswell
Psy. 352
April 1, 2012
Professor Peterkin

Biopsychosocial verses Biomedical Model
The biomedical model and the biopsychosocial model are both representations of health commonly accepted in modern society. The biomedical model considers the absence of disease is physical wellness. This model is good practice but it has limitations. On the other hand, the biopsychosocial model takes into account the whole person which has led to extensive research in many aspects of wellness. It addresses more than physical well being as many people now are ill but they have no presence of disease. Socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity and generational differences all play important roles in
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There is ongoing research in many aspects of disease and treatment. Biomedical research focuses on treatments of specific pathogens (Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, 2011) but biopsychosocial research takes into account the whole person which has led to extensive research in many aspects of wellness. Modern science acknowledges that psychological processes perform a significant role in health. Psychological processes interact with biological and social processes to have an effect on a variety of health outcomes (Brannon & Feist, 2010). For example, longitudinal research studies have shown that positive emotional states boost an individual’s immune system and a higher level of immune function than those with a negative emotional attitude (Rosenkrantz et al., 2003).
In conclusion, health and sickness are ends of a continuum with death at one end and optimal wellness at the other. These concepts overlap and cannot be totally separated from each other (Ware, 1993). The biomedical model defines wellness as the absence of disease and the biopsychosocial model considers wellness a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity and generational differences all play important roles in the model of wellness. Research continues to show a correlation in psychological, biological and social functioning in regards to our health.

References
American Psychological Association (2012).

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