College of Nursing
Nursing Skills Output (NSO)
I. Description: A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving sampling of cells or tissues for examination. It is the medical removal of tissue from a living subject to determine the presence or extent of a disease. The tissue is generally examined under a microscope by a pathologist, and can also be analyzed chemically. When an entire lump or suspicious area is removed, the procedure is called an excisional biopsy. When only a sample of tissue is removed with preservation of the histological architecture of the tissue’s cells, the procedure is called …show more content…
Endoscopic biopsy- the endoscope is a flexible tube that can be inserted into an orifice(such as the mouth or anus) or through a small skin incision. Once the lump is reached,cutting tools are threaded through the endoscope so that a sample of tissue can be taken.
Excisional biopsy- the lump is entirely removed. Depending on the location of the lump,the patient may need to undergo general anaesthesia. This type of biopsy may be used for breast lumps. Incisional biopsy- only a small slice of the lump is removed. Depending on the locationof the lump, a general or local anaesthetic may be needed. This type of biopsy may beused for lumps located in connective tissue such as muscle.
Needle biopsy- a small sample of the lump is removed via a slender hypodermic needle.This can be done either with or without local anaesthetic. This type of biopsy may beused to diagnose conditions of the liver or thyroid.
Punch biopsy- a special tool is used to punch a hole through the uppermost layers of theskin. The anaesthetic used may be local or topical. This type of biopsy can help diagnosevarious skin conditions.
Stereotactic biopsy- a series of x-rays help to guide the surgeon’s needle to the lump.This type