Biological Anthropology is the study of human biology within the framework of evolution. There are four subfields of Biological Anthropology; genetics, human variation, paleoanthropology, and primatology. Primatology is the study of non-human primates and I find it the most interesting of the four subfields. The study of Primatology focuses on the biological and psychological aspects of non-human primates. Also it looks at the similarities shared between humans and primates. Primatologists focus on studying and conducting research on primates in three main ways; field study, laboratory study, and through captivity. In captivity, they try to replicate natural primate habitat in a controlled captive setting. This is one of the most
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Old World Monkeys are found in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Gibraltar. They are made up of two main groups; Cercepithecinae and Colobinae. Cercepithecinae are comprised of Baboons, Mangabeys, Mandrills, Guenons, Patas Monkeys, and Macaques. Colobinae are Colobus, Langurs, and Probiscis Monkeys. New World Monkeys have a Catarrhine nose and a dental formula of 2:1:2:3 just like us. The last group of primates is the Apes, which are the largest of the primates and can be found in Southeast Asia and Africa. The types of Apes are Gibbons, Siamangs, Orangutans, Gorillas, Chimpanzees, and Bonobos.
Non-human primate behavior is something that Primatologists look at when studying primates. The main behaviors studied are dominance, aggression, affiliative, communication, reproductive strategies, and cultural and cognitive behavior. Dominance is social hierarchies amongst primates where individuals are ranked relative to one another. It tends to decrease tension which results in group stability. Typically the highest rank gets first access to resources. Aggression is a behavior that is usually directed towards outsiders as a protective device. Affiliative behavior is amicable or friendly behavior that reinforces social bonds within a group. Grooming is an example of affiliative behavior amongst primates. Communication amongst primates is either autonomic or intentional responses. Autonomic responses are