Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Essay

1267 Words Apr 2nd, 2011 6 Pages
Running head: BIOLOGICAL AND HUMANISTIC APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY

Mileva Repasky
PSYC 250
Jean M. Porter
University of Phoenix

Personality can be defined as “the complex of all the attributes-behavioral, temperamental, emotional and mental-that characterizes a unique individual.” (Princeton University, n.d.) Personality has been studied and explained for a long time and is linked directly to Maslow’s humanistic and biological theories. This paper seeks to describe the biological factors that influence the formation of personality. It will also examine the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality. The proponents of humanistic theory were Abraham Maslow and Carl
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Conscientiousness dimension include features like, thoughtfulness, impulse control and goal setting. Our conscience influences our personality. The implication to personality is that people with high conscientiousness find it difficult in resisting, delaying gratification and resisting temptations. It is therefore related to better performance. Those with low are unable to motivate themselves in task performing, they therefore perform poorly. The high and the low measurement in this dimension are conceptually similar but empirically distinct. The extraversion dimension includes features like; sociability, assertiveness, excitability, high amounts of emotional expressiveness and talkativeness. Our degree to which we are outgoing seeks to explain extraversion dimension. High measurements of this dimension, extraverts, possess such features like being talkative, enthusiastic and assertive while the low measurements, introverts, are reserved, less talkative, less outgoing. The neuroticism trait can be defined as ability to endure when faced with negative experience. It determines characteristics like anxiety, depression, guilt, phobia, self consciousness and shyness. Individuals high in this dimension tend to be emotionally unstable, anxious, moody, irritable, and sad. Openness to experience traits determines characteristics like aesthetic sensitivity, attentiveness to inner feelings, active imagination and intellectual curiosity. Those individuals high in this

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