Bilbliography Essay

644 Words 3 Pages
Throughout the book Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger, a boy who does not know his place in life, illustrates the human need for logotherapy. Viktor Frankl, a Holocaust survivor, wrote "Mans search for meaning", in which he describes his experiences and ways of resisting the efforts of dehumanization in the holocaust. In Viktor Frankl's writing he delineates Logotherapy, which are three principles of mankind. The main character in Catcher in the Rye is Holden Caulfield, he is an unstable young man, who wanders around New York for three days, without knowing where to go or what do. Holden Caulfield would benefit if he applied Logotherapy to his everyday life.

The first principle of logotherapy states that's man has an inborn
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Sometimes, Holden uses his free will in a negative way. "∦I feel some concern for my future, all right∦. But not too much I guess. Not too much I guess."(14) He does not care about his future or know where it is leading him.

The last tenet of logotherapy states that life has meaning. Holden does not know the meaning of his life, nor does he care. Throughout the book a few people try to tell him that he is not headed anywhere because of his choices in life. Mr. Antolini says to him, "I don't want to scare you, but I can very clearly see you dying nobly, on way or another, for some highly unworthy cause∦"(188) He tells Holden that he does not think he will do anything good with his life if he does not improve his habits. Also Holden's sister, Phoebe tries to make him realize he has no direction. "∦You don't like any schools. You don't like a million things. You don't."(169) Holden will not agree with this statement, but he does not even end up telling her something he likes, besides Allie, his dead brother.

Holden Caulfield, portrayed by J.D. Salinger would benefit greatly from Logotherapy, which are principles derived by Viktor Frankl. Holden Caulfield hardly uses the first aspect of logotherapy, a man has an inner will to meaning, although not in front of his friends. As the book goes on we see that he uses free will, the

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