Bibl110 Essay examples

1405 Words Apr 18th, 2015 6 Pages
Derived from the course text book, The Essence of the New Testament: A Survey (2012), and the New Testament documents.

Chapter 1: How We Got the New Testament

1. How many documents does the New Testament consist (1)? 27
2. The New Testament was written approximately between AD ¬¬¬_45___ and _100___ (1).
3. What materials were the New Testament documents written upon (1)? Leather and paper scrolls
4. What are the original New Testament document called (1, 2)? autograph
5. What is a codex in reference to the early New Testament writings (2)? Modern day books
6. What is the name of the Latin codex collection (2)? Ta Bibla
7. In the study of the New Testament, to what does the term canon refer (2)?
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This heretical movement believed that salvation was found in attaining “special knowledge” (3).
19. Why are Marcion and Gnosticism so important in relation to a New Testament canon (3)? They provoked its creation
20. What were the three main criteria for recognizing canonicity (4)? See 21,22,23
21. Define the Test of Apostolicity (4). Book must be written by an apostle/ one connected to an apostle
22. Define the Rule of Faith (4). Comformity between the book and orthodoxy- doctrine that is consistant with Christian truth
23. Define the Test of Consensus (4). Widespread use of the doctrine by churches.
24. Name two so-called Gospels that were not considered authoritative for Christians because they failed the criteria for canonicity (4). Judas and thomas
25. What does the a priori argument for the New Testament canon of Scripture state (5)? That God would guard the gathering of a book, because god originally wrote them.
26. Delineate the five points of the premise upon which the a priori argument for the New Testament canon is based (5). See ch.1 page 5
27. What is the name of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament that was produced about 200 years before the birth of Christ (200–250 B.C.) (5)? Septuagent
28. Aramaic translations of the Hebrew Old Testament were known as _Targum_______ (5).
29. What is the difference between an essentially literal translation theory and the functional or dynamic equivalence theory (7)? Ch.1

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