Bentham 's Utilitarianism : The Principles Of Morals And Legislation

786 Words Apr 11th, 2016 4 Pages
Bentham’s Utilitarianism
In an Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Jeremy Bentham puts forward his principle of ethics. Bentham Believes that mankind is governed by pain and pleasure and views his principle of utility as the superior moral principle and puts forward alternatives to his principle, one that is opposed to utility for the sake of being opposed to utility and another which is opposed for another reason, in Bentham’s view inferior to the principle of utility never the less Bentham manages to critique and put forward his objections at the same time highlighting the benefits of utilitarianism.
Utilitarianism, a philosophy put forward by Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century, in hopes to simplify British law, and at the same time simplify ethics. The principle of utility states that for any action, that action is morally right if it maximizes utility. In other words, more happiness and less suffering that results from our actions, the better the action is, and the right the action is the one that produces the greatest balance of happiness over suffering. This utilitarian principle, according to Bentham is absolute and all-encompassing. It will not only tell you for any action what you should morally do, but also what you ought to do. When looking at the principle of utility the most important consideration is whether or not the action will increase pleasure or decrease pain into our lives. In other words, the thing we care most about, or at…

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