Bengal Tiger Research Paper

1542 Words 7 Pages
Jessica Capponi
Human Ecology
Mr. McCoy
November 10, 2015 Bengal Tiger Tigers are the leaders of the food chain in the wild. The Bengal Tiger resides mainly in India and has smaller populations in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar. Living in dry and wet forests, grasslands, etc, the Bengal tiger, also known as the Indian Tiger, is the largest member of the cat family as well as the most powerful and dangerous. Male tigers weigh up to 488 pounds and females weigh up to 308 pounds, with their tails coming to a length of 43 inches long. Living alone, they scent-mark their territories to keep the unwanted away. Tigers, in general, are nocturnal hunters that rarely hunt for food during the day; they will travel miles upon miles to
…show more content…
People became concerned with the numbers of the tiger population that had come to continuously decrease. Further actions were taken when, in 1969, the General Assembly of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) put forth a decision that ordered international attempts to preserve the life of the Bengal tiger. In 1972, WWF developed Operation Tiger, a worldwide program that supports conservation attempts for endangered species in India, Indochina and Indonesia. Due to Operation Tiger, many countries where tigers inhabited created tougher laws on wildlife protection. India took another step forward when, in 1973, the government created the Tiger Task Force which was soon followed by Project Tiger. Project Tiger helped to create the first tiger reserves in India as well as funding from the Indian government for the defense of the tigers’ habitat and the safety and security of the tiger itself. Years later, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) along with other tiger specialists, signed an order that was soon followed by the creation of the Global Tiger Forum of Range States. The forum itself connects representatives from the tiger-inhabited countries and the representatives draw up plans to protect the species of the tiger. However, even though many international groups and agencies have worked to protect the tiger’s habitat and the …show more content…
Governments should manage and maintain specific habitats for the protection of tigers. A process of on-the-ground protection can protect tigers form poachers as well as hiring, paying and training enforcement officers, guards and staff in national parks. Doing so can protect endangered species in general from illegal hunters daily as well as nightly. Tiger specialists are continuously studying the nutrition, health and reproduction of tigers. Zoo management in general would need this kind of information so that they can breed tigers for many generations. Conservation breeding specialist groups and zoo facilities are working together and creating plans such as the Global Animal Survival Plan (GASP). Some captive tigers that are bred are not often kept behind glass or bars; sometimes they are released into the wild. Captive breeding has been known to be vital for maintaining the genetic material of tigers. Zoos provide insurance against long-lasting threats such as the genetic deterioration of the tiger, which could later affect smaller populations that are left in reserves (National,

Related Documents