Benefits of Using Cell Phone While Driving Essay

29432 Words May 30th, 2013 118 Pages
Cellular Phone Use While Driving: Risks and Benefits

Karen S. Lissy, M.P.H. Joshua T. Cohen, Ph.D. Mary Y. Park, M.S. John D. Graham, Ph.D.

Harvard Center for Risk Analysis Harvard School of Public Health Boston, Massachusetts

Phase 1 Report July 2000

Executive Summary

This report assesses the risks and benefits associated with cellular phone use while driving. The interest of policymakers in this issue has been heightened by the recent decisions of selected foreign countries and several U.S. localities to restrict or prohibit the use of cellular phones while driving.

The weight of the scientific evidence to date suggests that use of a cellular phone while driving does create safety risks for the driver and his/her
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Table A-1. Parameters Used to Compute Driver Fatality Risk Associated with Cellular Phone Use. Table A-2. Parameters Used to Compute Driver Fatality Risk Associated with Alcohol Consumption. Table A-3. Passenger Cars: Effect of 100-Pound Weight Reduction on All Fatalities. Table A-4. Passenger Cars: Effect of 100-Pound Weight Reduction on Driver Fatalities. Table A-5. Fatalities Among Individuals with BACs of Zero Caused by Individuals Driving with Elevated BACs.

13 16-17 37 38 57 60 2

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Table of Figures

Figure 1. Growth in Cellular Phone Subscriptions in Millions from 1985 to 2000. Figure 2. Traffic Fatalities per Billion Vehicle Miles Traveled and U.S. Cellular Phone Subscribers in Millions, 1970-1999. Figure 3. Traffic Fatalities and U.S. Cellular Phone Subscribers, 1970-1999.

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Preface This study was commissioned by AT&T Wireless Services (Redmond, Washington) through a research grant made to the Harvard Center for Risk Analysis of the Harvard School of Public Health (Boston, Massachusetts). The terms of the grant relationship protected the intellectual freedom of the Harvard researchers to determine the direction of the study as well as to make independent conclusions and recommendations. This Phase 1 report will be supplemented by a Phase 2 report, scheduled for completion in 2001, that provides additional quantitative information on the benefits and risks of the use of cellular

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