Benefits Of Genetically Modified Crops Essay

1284 Words Feb 27th, 2015 null Page
Genetically modified crop plants
Genetically modified crops are considered to be plants which have been modified using genetic engineering to alter their DNA. This is used to introduce a new trait to the plant which doesn’t occur naturally such as resistance to certain diseases, insects, environmental conditions, decreases the likelihood of spoiling, increases resistance to herbicides and/or pesticides, or improve the overall crop. Unlike cross fertilization process, genes that have been genetically modified are inserted directly into the DNA of the seed. Some may believe this could have unintended environmental and health concerns and in their opinion they are not being fully addressed (Key, S 2008). Gene transfer is a bioengineering process in which genetically modified crops are created. Genes are pieces of DNA code which regulate all biological processes in living organisms (Evers, C 2013). A genome is the set of genetic information that is present in every cell within an organism. The genetic material is structured in a way that is similar within different species. This which makes it easier to identify useful genes. The processes in which an insect resistant tomato plant is created is as follows. First, the target gene is cut from the original organism’s genome and inserted into a vector with an antibiotic resistance gene. Then the vector is then copied in bacteria where the DNA vectors are coated onto tungsten or gold particles. Once that is completed, they are…

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