Jake's Anxiety: A Case Study

726 Words 3 Pages
To begin, behaviorism is examining observable and measurable behaviors due to learned behaviors. Through the behavioral approach, Jake’s anxiety would be a learned behavioral response (classical conditioning). The origin of Jake’s anxiety may have been a learned response. This behavior reoccurring would cause Jake to be more anxious. Jake would possibly experience an increased heart rate and/or higher blood pressure levels. To see what causes his anxiety, a psychologist would have to identify environmental causes by conducting behavioral assessments. Examples of behavioral assessments include pen and paper tests, interviews, observations, or talking about the problem. According to the behavioral approach, Jake’s behavior was learned, therefore …show more content…
Through the cognitive approach, the origin of Jake’s anxiety was his excessive thinking and worrying about his classes. By examining Jake’s interpretation of the positive and negative responses he received for his behavior, a cognitive psychologist can find connections between his thinking and his behavior. This allows the psychologist to have a better understanding of the bases of Jake’s thinking. In comparison to behaviorism, one of the most common treatments through the cognitive approach would be a therapy called cognitive-behavioral therapy. There are three aspects; cognitive, behavioral, and irrational beliefs. The first aspect, cognitive, would be when a psychologist observes how negative thoughts contribute to Jake’s anxiety. The behavioral aspect is when the psychologist would observe Jake’s behavior to see what triggers his anxiety. Lastly, Jake’s irrational beliefs could be replaced with more rational thoughts and behavior. Like behaviorism, systematic desensitization can be used as a treatment. Another type of treatment used would be a therapy called the rational emotive therapy. This is when events, beliefs, and consequences are …show more content…
The humanistic approach is when the therapist wants to help the client to be self -fulfilled and self-actualized. They want their clients to be creative, loving, and responsible people. Through the humanistic approach, the origin of Jake’s anxiety would be caused from the judgement he presents to himself, not being self-aware or not accepting himself. According to the humanistic theory, the therapist would stress the importance of the client taking responsibility for their actions. Jake could engage in gestalt, existential, or person-centered therapy. The person-centered therapy, also known as the client- centered therapy, is a free-flowing therapy that focuses on the client and how they want to solve their problems. The therapist must be genuine, empathetic, and must convey unconditional positive regards. For example, Jake would drive the therapy session how he wants to while the therapist portrays understanding. According to Abraham Maslow, the top part of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is being “self- actualized”. After Jake is “self-actualized” he would be creative and more accepting of himself and others. Therefore, Jake’s anxiety would ease or even be

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