Behavior Modification Is A Method Based On Operant Conditioning

1341 Words Aug 16th, 2015 6 Pages
Behaviour can be described as a part of an individual’s response or actions in a particular environment. Bergner (2010) explains that behaviour is observable and can change from one state to another or preserve the existing one. A few examples of behaviour could include having a daily routine of waking up, drinking coffee, getting ready for work and smoking. These behaviours can be modified such as the decision to give up smoking for health reasons, alternating the time to wake up or limiting the amount of coffee to drink per day. Our behaviour can be derived from learning over a long period of time by obtaining information to justify and mould our actions (Kosslyn, Rosenberg, & Lambert, 2014).
Behaviour modification is a method based on operant conditioning used to eliminate or alternate behaviour through learning and has been used in a variety of situations such as education, business, prisons, and health (Weiten, 2007). There has been research about the association between the interaction of behaviour and environment (Kazdin, 2012). It has shown that shifting the atmosphere within the environment can affect and change the behaviour.
B.F. Skinner’s theory of operation definition uses both positive and negative reinforcements to encourage positive behaviour and deterring negative behaviour (Lefrancois, 2011). Skinner’s explanation of learning through operant conditioning is based on the consequences of behaviour to determine the probability that the behaviour will occur…

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