Beccarias And Punishment

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Beccaria, Cesare. On Crimes and Punishments. Translated by Henry Paolucci. Indianapolis: Bobbs-

Merrill, 1963.

This book describes Beccaria 's dissatisfaction with capital punishment. He argues that torture should not be used against someone is who not proven guilty. Beccaria explains that the purpose

of punishment is to prevent the offender from committing the crime again, and to instill fear

into others from committing the same crime. Imprisonment and banishment policies are also

discussed. This source will contribute to my research and my paper by helping me in portraying

how Beccaria 's views can be seen in the French Revolution, and how they help progress the

revolution itself.

Church, William Farr. The Influence of the Enlightenment on the French
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Locke, John, and Peter Laslett. Two Treatises of Government. Student ed. Cambridge [England]:

Cambridge University Press, 1988.

The second treatise of this book discusses the natural rights of humans that were developed by

John Locke. The natural rights of life, liberty and property are what is focused on. This source

will contribute to my research and my paper because Locke 's natural rights are what laid the

foundation for the document called “The Declarations of the Rights of Man.” This document

explained that the role of the government was to protect the rights of its people. This book and

the document both portray the progression of an Enlightenment idea that influenced the French


Martin, Xavier. Human Nature and the French Revolution: From the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic

Code. Translated by Patrick Corcoran. New York: Berghahn Books, 2001.

This book discusses that the French Revolution originated from the ideas and values of the

Enlightenment. Also that the French Revolution 's political thought was based on the

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