Basic Group Needs, Conflicts and Dynamics Essay

5488 Words Nov 1st, 2010 22 Pages
Basic Group Needs, Conflicts and Dynamics
Many have presented persuasive arguments and examples highlighting the value of Individual Psychology in solving workplace and organizational problems. In this paper, the aim is to increase understanding of conflict and other self-defeating and destructive behaviors regularly encountered by groups. A range of diverse theories and models of conflict, basic human needs, and dynamics are juxtaposed with Adlerian theory of human behavior. Developmental and social psychological, sociological, group dynamics and management theories and models are explored and integrated. The principles extracted suggest ways of encouraging cooperation within groups in general as well as in the workplace Basic
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The outcome of these individualistic trends is not happiness or other positive feelings, but insecurity, anxiety, depression, and conflict in and outside the workplace. According to the group-dynamics theory, these responses are intended – paradoxically – to ensure the survival of the group, albeit through “avoidance” and “off-task” behavior (Bion, 1961; Morgan & Thomas, 1996). A person’s understanding his or her fundamental human needs to belong – and his or her misbehavior when these needs are not met – can help reduce the conflict and other self-defeating and destructive behaviors regularly encountered in groups. To that end, in this paper, Individual Psychology, developmental and social psychological, sociological, and group dynamic theories and models are explored and integrated, and principles and applications are proposed.
Conflict
Dreikurs (1994) wrote: “The family is the testing ground for our attitudes for our attitudes and approaches in dealing with others” (p. 108). He went on to suggest that increased competition and the resulting conflict among family members are indicative of the insecurity and fear associated with an

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