Basic English Grammar Essay
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Maddox and Daniel Scocco.
This ebook does not attempt to include every aspect of English grammar found in a traditional school textbook. Its purpose is to present a brief review of grammar terms necessary to an understanding of the most common errors that occur in ordinary, nonacademic writing.
Because written language is an arrangement of words, understanding how words work individually and in groups is essential to correct written expression. The sports fan must …show more content…
Samuel Johnson's father ran a bookstore. ("ran" is what the father did; it's what is being said about him.) My two black cats enjoy lazing in the sun. ("enjoy" is what the cats do; it's what is being said about them.) The main word in the predicate is a verb. The verb by itself is called the simple predicate. The complete predicate is the verb plus any words or phrases that complete it or tell more about it. The simple
predicate may contain more than one word because some tenses require helping verbs. For example:
The king has ruled the kingdom for seven years.
In this sentence the simple predicate is "has ruled."
The complete predicate is "has ruled the kingdom for seven years."
NOTE: Most of the time the verb will denote an action, but not always. Sometimes the verb will denote a state of being or sensing. For example,
Toni Morrison is a celebrated author. The verb "is" does not convey an action, but it is a complete verb in this sentence. Edward VI became king at a young age. The verb "become" does not convey an action, but it is the complete verb.
COMMON ERROR: The predicate always contains a complete verb (one that indicates tense). A common writing fault is treating an incomplete verb as if it were complete. For example:
INCORRECT: All of us laughing in the water.
CORRECT: All of us