Barriers Of Immigration

1466 Words 6 Pages
Since 2001, over 220,000 individuals have immigrated to Canada, with a high of 262,000 individuals entering Canada in 2005 (Stats Can 2011). Immigration is fundamental to Canada’s population growth, as according to recently release census data, international migration fuelled Canada’s population growth by two-thirds of Canada’s population between 2001 – 2006 (Stats Can 2011). Almost three-fourths of newcomers arriving between 1996 and 2001 have settled in Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver. Both Canada and the United States have experienced an increase in the regional distribution of entering immigrants. American research shows that a mixture of economic push factors (away from states like California) and pull factors (toward states with a growth …show more content…
Affordability of housing along with the standard of living is amongst the biggest barriers facing newcomer populations (Reitz 2016). Affordability is becoming an issue for Canadian citizens yet alone newcomers. There are three different types of barriers that affect newcomers and residential concentration of immigrants. The first are primary barriers, which are unchangeable characteristics of a person (such as their skin color, race, etc.). Upon immigrating to a new country, immigrants tend to live in areas of common ethnicities. Secondary barriers are defined as those that may change over time and usually do such as the level of income, language, and knowledge of housing system and services. For example, my family emigrated from a French speaking country so upon arriving in Canada they settled in Montreal. Once they finished their education, learned the English language and had saved up enough money they moved to Ontario, where my father was employed as an engineer. The last type of barrier is a macro-level barrier, which are broader contextual factors that are not within a person’s ability to change. This includes laws, policies around immigration and the economic status of a nation (recession, recovering,

Related Documents