Bandura's Theory Of Self Efficacy

745 Words 3 Pages
I have chosen to write about Bandura’s theory of Self Efficacy, which was developed by Albert Bandura in 1977. The theory of Self-Efficacy is one of many concepts involved in Bandura’s Social-Cognitive theory therefore, Self-Efficacy draws from both the Social and Cognitive approaches. The theory of Self Efficacy is not how an individual perceives their ability, but how an individual develops perceptions of their ability to initiate, and complete behaviours, or actions. It can be reliant on the situation that the individual is in, or be influenced by different sources which are explained in more depth, further in this text.
The theory assumes that Self-Efficacy is influenced by our human cognition, such as our mental processes. An example of this in
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The theory explains that an individual’s success rate will be dependent on their abilities and whether the situation is, or isn’t familiar to them. For example, a cyclist may have low efficacy when cycling on bumpy terrain but may have a high efficacy when cycling on smooth terrain, such as a velodrome. Therefore, they perform better on the terrain that gives them high efficacy as their confidence and motivation are higher.
For Self-Efficacy to occur, there needs to be an influence. Bandura developed 4 sources which influence Self-Efficacy, varying in effectiveness. The strongest source of influence is Past Performance or Mastery Experience. This is a previous experience an individual went through, such as an accomplishment, which they may have succeeded in. When they are in a similar situation, the past performance will influence how well they perform. For example, a gold medal 100m sprinter is needed to run the 200m race. The sprinter is very accomplished in sprinting therefore, their past performances will influence high efficacy when

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