Bandura's Theory Of Self Efficacy
The theory assumes that Self-Efficacy is influenced by our human cognition, such as our mental processes. An example of this in …show more content…
The theory explains that an individual’s success rate will be dependent on their abilities and whether the situation is, or isn’t familiar to them. For example, a cyclist may have low efficacy when cycling on bumpy terrain but may have a high efficacy when cycling on smooth terrain, such as a velodrome. Therefore, they perform better on the terrain that gives them high efficacy as their confidence and motivation are higher.
For Self-Efficacy to occur, there needs to be an influence. Bandura developed 4 sources which influence Self-Efficacy, varying in effectiveness. The strongest source of influence is Past Performance or Mastery Experience. This is a previous experience an individual went through, such as an accomplishment, which they may have succeeded in. When they are in a similar situation, the past performance will influence how well they perform. For example, a gold medal 100m sprinter is needed to run the 200m race. The sprinter is very accomplished in sprinting therefore, their past performances will influence high efficacy when