Bales Interaction Process Analysis: Structured Coding

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Structured Coding
Out of the 12 Bales categories used in observation, category 5 (gives opinion) and 6 (gives orientation) were found easiest to identify. Category 5 acts similar to an all in one basket, whereby the majority of the transcript can fall into this category if not better explained by other categories. Units or behaviors involving presenting factual information (not necessarily have to be true) were easily categorized into Category 6. Overall neutral task or behaviors were easier to identify in comparison to social-emotional areas of behaviors, given it has required less regard for context of the situation. On that note, both positive and negative social-emotional areas of observation or behavior such as showing solidarity (category 1), shows tension (category 11) and shows antagonism (category 12) were slightly more difficult to code using the Bales Interaction Process Analysis. Provided that the verbal content and the complex context of the situation, a particular behavior may better fit another category than other. This creates a small gray zone across each category in Bales system.
The results from coding the verbal and nonverbal behavior between both observers showed an inter-judge agreement of
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Fundamental attribution errors are the tendency to attribute people’s behavior to elements of their character or personality, even when powerful situational forces are acting to produce the behavior. For instance, the boy (accused) is known to have yelled "I 'm going to kill you" on the night of the murder. Lee (Juror #3) is unwavering convinced that no one would say this unless they meant it (internal attribution). Henry recognizes this orientation and harasses Lee until he yells "I 'll kill you". As a result, Lee explains that he didn 't mean it but, was forced into this outburst by the situation (external

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