Background And Review Of Related Literature Essay
Studies have found that behavior problems effecting academic outcomes are universal. Problem behaviors can be defined by Strain, Wilson, and Dunlap (2011) as behaviors that interfere and disrupt instruction. Disruptive behaviors such as aggression and noncompliance are common problems that interfere with desirable behaviors. Compliance in the classroom is essential for students to benefit socially, behaviorally, and academically. According to Cipani (1998) a vast number of educational opportunities were allowed for all students. Students who exhibit undesirable behavior must be influenced and changed by reinforcing closer approximations of the wanted behavior until the desired behavior is performed. More successful teachers at classroom management maintain clear and appropriate boundaries and “provide an environment where rewards flow” (Positive Reinforcement in the classroom, 2012). If this specific behavioral strategy is accessible, it can be used across the student population even with students that have disabilities. Positive reinforcement has been found to be more effective in promoting compliance than negative reinforcement (Ingvarsson, E. T., Hanley, G. P., & Welter, K. M. 2009).
Studies Directly Related Research shows that academic engagement will increase as student compliance increases. According to Ritz, Noltemeyer, Davis, and Green, if noncompliance is not addressed during the early years of age,…