Aztec Calendar Essay

Improved Essays
The purpose of a calendar is to keep track of things such as the past or future time, days until a certain event happens which could be holidays or someone’s birthday, or time since an event has happened. There are many different variations of the calendar, including Egyptian, Roman, Gregorian, Lunar, etc. The creation of the calendar was influenced by the geographical location as well as the seasons, although, in warmer countries where seasons cannot be differentiated, the moon would keep the track of time. Most of the earliest recorded calendars were Lunar calendars, which based time from one new moon to the next. With the contribution of the Lunar, Gregorian, Roman, Egyptian calendars we have the calendar we use today.
In the Roman or Julian calendar, months were 29 or 31 days long except for February which had 28 days. Romans were very superstitious with even numbers, which caused a number of days in a month to be odd. There were four months of 31 days, seven months of 29 days, and one month with 28 days. This quickly increased to only 355 days, so the Romans added another month called Mercedonius which would have 22 or 23 days. This month
…show more content…
In 1790, during renovations in Mexico, the calendar was found and unearthed, and more properly called Cuauhxicalli Eagle Bowl. In 1885, after remaining on display in Cathedral, it was moved to the Museo Nacional de Antropologia. The first calendar of the Aztecs was called the Xiuhpohualli, and it was a 365 day year with 18 months, each about 20 days long. In addition, each year would be divided into seasons and contain 5 cursed days. The second calendar of the Aztecs was called the Tonalpohualli, however this calendar was considered sacred. There were 20 signs and 13 numbers which were the days of the week, adding up to 260 days a year. At the end of the year both

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The Rise Of The Aztecs

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The founding of the Aztecs began in Aztlan, Mexico. That is where they first settled on the journey of being an Aztec. They left their home, and they began a long journey of trying to find a place to settle. This journey started in 1110 and lasted about 225 years. They began by moving south until they settled in Tenochtitlan in 1325.…

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Inca And Aztec Empires

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Aztec were in the middle of Mesoamerica and had migrated from north of Mexico and california away from a tribe that had recently split up. The tribe that had recently split up was made of several tribes one of them was the mexica the ancestors to the Aztec where mexico gets its name from. They were told to find a place where a eagle was on a cactus eating a snake which is on the mexican flag today. The Aztec Empire was also very old much older then the inca who had been around since the late 1300s but the Aztecs had been in their area since the early 1200s. We know this because the 11th emperor of the Inca was the last but there was many more Aztec emperors before the last one.…

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I believe that the age of the earth is unknown. It is probably more than a thousand years, and maybe even more than millions of years. My main supporting detail to this is the gap in Genesis, but there is another factor. The Bible states a very interesting fact: “But we do not forget one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.” (2 Peter 3:8) In Genesis the Bible says it took God six days to create the earth. If we think about this verse, it could be saying that the earth took thousands of years to make instead of just six days.…

    • 738 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Aztec Pyramids Essay

    • 1153 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The extra five days were considered unlucky days for the Aztecs. The other calendar was the calendar of the gods. There were 20 signs and 13 number depicted on the stone calendar, and each gods was given specific weeks and days. The Aztec empire was strong, yet all empires inevitably come to an end. A Spanish explorer named Hernando Cortes came to the Gulf of Mexico to see if the stories he had heard about the Aztecs were true.…

    • 1153 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    They were overtaken around 1519 by Hernando Cortés and his men from Spain. For nearly 300 years Spain was the official ruler of Mexico, but the people of Mexico revolted at the beginning of the 19th century and have been independent since. The Aztecs were a nomadic civilization, however for a few hundred years, they considered the land of Tenochtitián their home. Tenochtitián would later be renamed Mexico City by Hernando Cortés. There were three main regions of ancient Mexico: Tenochtitián, Texcoco, and Tlacopan.…

    • 1332 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Karnak Temple Essay

    • 2975 Words
    • 12 Pages

    Paintings and monuments of ancient Egyptian did not show Negro face but demonstrated them as people with golden skin which were both different from white and black. At 15,000 YBP, a great amount of Caucasians moved into North Africa from Europe, uprooting the Blacks and pushing them down further into Africa. (Lindsay 2012) Ancient Egyptians were religious and they believed in the existence of gods which may bring them flood, famine and death if they failed to please them. For that reason, they used up 2000 years to build Karnak Temple as they worshipped the gods here. Around 30 pharaohs involved in the construction of this temple causing it to reach an incomparable size and unpredictability and assorted qualities.…

    • 2975 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Some try to say that this did not happen but Carrasco says there is proof that it did happen. Carrasco provides, “The reliable documentary evidence found in the writings of Bernardino de Sahagun based on extensive interviews with Aztec elders in the decades after the fall of Tenochtitlan neveress tells us that sacrifices took place every month at various temples and altars…” (Carrasco pg. 63). As described through this book, the Aztec empire was very strong, which made the fall of the Aztec empire more surprising. What really made the Aztec empire fall was when the more experienced warriors of Cortes went against the Aztec warriors, which were a lot more inexperienced.…

    • 1174 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Caesar consulted an Alexandrian astronomer named Sosigenes and together formulated a restoration of the Roman calendar in hopes of creating a more standardized one. This reformation called the Julian calendar consisted of 365 days within a year, and 365.25 days within a leap day year, compared to the prior of 355 days each year within the Roman calendar. The new Julian calendar was based completely upon the earth’s revolutions around the sun, and Caesar declared the year was to begin January 1st, instead of on the vernal equinox in late March. The Julian calendar still lives on today being used by the Easter Orthodox churches for calculations of holidays, and had continuing to be used by countries up until the 1900’s. But despite the corrections made by the Julian calendar, it was still not one hundred percent accurate.…

    • 1394 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They appeared in Mesoamerica in the early 13th century, almost 2000 years after the Egyptians, yet they somehow had the same basic principles. The Egyptians had two major calendars, these calendars were the religious calendar and the civil calendar. The religious calendar kept the dates of important holiday festivals and kept track of the moon. The civil calendar was used to record the length of time a Pharaoh reigned, the agricultural periods, and the days for the state tax collection. The Aztecs had two calendars as well that were very similar to the Egyptians.…

    • 1638 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In order to determine when these things would happen, the sundial was created. Sundials were used commonly by everyone, but they could also be a luxury. On a roman sundial, a clock is aligned so the tip is aligned with the vertical line representing the month. After it’s aligned with the month, the sun changes the horizontal line it points to. The horizontal lines represent the hours before sunrise or sunset.…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays