Essay On Axial Skeleton

833 Words 4 Pages
Although the skeleton is one whole system, it’s split up into two parts. These can be identified as the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.

Axial Skeleton
The axial part of the skeleton is the vertical, central section of the skeleton which includes the skull (cranium), the vertebral column and the rib cage. The axial skeleton is the supporting structure of the skeleton. It provides support and protection for the brain, the spinal cord and many of the organs within the human body. It also provides the body with a distinct shape.
Below are the functions of the bones of the axial skeleton.
Skull (Cranium): The skull has one main function and that is to provide support for the brain and protection for external damage. There are many
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Scapula: The scapula attaches the upper arm to the thorax. This stabilizes the arm and allows the shoulder to move around with ease.
Humerus: The humerus connects the shoulder with the elbow, it allows the lower part of the arm to move in a wide range of directions without any difficulty.
Ulna: The ulna is attached to many muscles in the arm to perform movements of the arm, hand and wrist. The ulna is necessary to take part in every day functions like throwing items and moving the arm.
Radius: The radius is one of the forearm bones in the arm, it rotates around the ulna and allows the arm to perform flexible movements and allows it to rotate easily.
Carpals: The carpals are located in the wrist, strengthening and stabilising the wrist and allowing easy and free movement of the wrist, it also allows you to rotate your wrist too.
Metacarpals: The metacarpals are located in the hand are connected to the carpal bones. They’re connected to the phalanges and support the movement of the hands and create structure of the

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