Federal Aviation Administration (Part 14 CRF)

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Aviation Parts Certification
Regulations
In order for aviation parts manufacturers, to produce and sell parts for engines or aircraft, not only do they have to be certified to produce parts, but the parts that they produce must be certified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). This process is governed by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). According to the FAA Design, Manufacturing, & Airworthiness Division, Electrical & Mechanical Equipment Branch, federal regulations that apply to the certification of specific products used in aircraft, aircraft engines and propellers are regulated by 14 CRF: Part 21 (2016) - Certification procedures for products and parts.; Part 23 (2016) -Airworthiness standards: Normal, utility,
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Type certification stipulates that an FAA certified aircraft manufacturer, such as GE Aviation, must receive design approval, production approval, and airworthiness approval in order to produce and use an aircraft part. The manufacturer must provide the FAA with a detailed schematic of the part along with the types of material used to build the part, the processes that were used to prove the airworthiness of the object, its limitations, and types of aircraft it will be used in. This includes copies of the tests that the part was subjected to that insured it would withstand the normal operating stresses, temperature fluctuations, and vibrations which that type of aircraft normally operates under; for the life cycle of that part. The manufacturer must also ensure that the part meets all the required specifications for noise abatement, fuel economy, and exhaust emissions required for a comparable part of the same design. The producer is also required to provide detailed instructions for maintenance personnel regarding the disassembly, removal, and reassembly of the aircraft to properly install or replace the product; as well as preventative maintenance and lubrication schedules (14 CFR Part 21§21.31,

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