Autonomy And Nonmaleficence In Health Care

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Autonomy and Nonmaleficence are both important ethical concepts in healthcare. In this paper, I will discuss how Beachamp and Childress, authors of Biomedical Ethics, define these concepts. I will also discuss some possible controversies that can arise according to their definition, as well as state which concept I feel is most important in healthcare. Next, I will cover one aspect of the concept that I think should be changed and one that I think should stay the same. Finally, I will state to what degree that I am satisfied with the authors’ definition of the concept that I have deemed to be of higher importance in the healthcare setting. Beauchamp and Childress define autonomy as, “…acts freely in accordance with a self-chosen plan without …show more content…
What else can I add here? A controversy that can arise in regards to autonomy is in the instance that a patient exercises autonomy in a way that is compromising to their health. For example, one way that this situation could occur in the real world is involving treatment of life-threatening diseases such as cancer and HIV. If a patient chooses not to receive the treatment that they desperately need, they will die. However, they were exercising their right to autonomy when they chose not to receive treatment. The decision not to receive the necessary treatment was detrimental to their health. A controversy that can arise in regards to autonomy can occur if a patient exercises autonomy in a way that is compromising to their health. For example, if a cancer patient chooses not to receive the treatment that they desperately need, they will die. However, they were exercising their right to autonomy when they chose not to receive treatment. The decision not to receive the necessary treatment was detrimental to their …show more content…
The patient’s body is ultimately at stake in the medical/healthcare setting- not the doctors’, nurses’ or other healthcare professionals. Regardless of whether a procedure is harmful to the patient or not, a patient must have a choice as to whether or not the procedure is performed. If a patient does not have the right to choose whether or not they even want to proceed to begin with, then the risks and benefits of the procedure will not even have to be discussed any further because the patient cannot explicitly express their permission for the procedure to be

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