Autoimmune Disease Case Study

1456 Words 6 Pages
The human body consists of multiple systems working together to keep us alive and well. These systems include: the skeletal system, muscular system, cardiovascular system, digestive system, respiratory system, reproductive system, nervous system, endocrine system, urinary system and immune system. Each of these systems has its own role in allowing our body to function appropriately. However, each is interdependent. Therefore, if one system becomes compromised for any reason, other body systems will become compromised as well. This is exactly the case for a patient with an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases directly affect the ability of the immune system to function normally. With the immune system comprised, other systems such as the …show more content…
However, diagnoses of individual diseases are difficult due to initially general symptoms and well as symptom and condition mimicry. For example, Sjögrens disease can mimic “multiple sclerosis, stroke, fibromyalgia, Lyme disease, chronic fatigue, reflux” among other diseases (Brody, para. 7). This can make it difficult for a doctor to diagnose a specific disease. Autoimmune diseases may also occur concurrently. Reynaud’s phenomenon is a prime example. When occurring solely it is considered Reynaud’s disease. Reynaud’s disease is a condition in which arteries in the fingers and toes constrict due to changes in temperature or stress. This lack of blood flow causes numbness and can even lead to frostbite in certain patients. Reynaud’s phenomenon, however, is conjugation with other disease such as rheumatoid arthritis and is often an initial sign of the disease (Peters, 694). Hence, autoimmune diseases may occur simultaneously and present extensive …show more content…
Other autoimmune diseases include: Crohn’s disease, Fibromyalgia, Multiple sclerosis, Myasthenia gravis, Autoimmune hepatitis, and Systemic lupus erythematosus (Clark, 180). However, these are still only a handful of autoimmune diseases present. Autoimmune diseases, though many, have a few things in common. The first is the immune systems inability to recognized self and therefore attack bodily antigens. The second is the compromised immune systems affect on other systems causing even organ specific diseases to create widespread symptoms throughout the body. And lastly, autoimmune diseases are often difficult to treat and have no cure. For instance treatment for a patient with Type I diabetes may consist of daily insulin injections and monitoring of blood sugar. The patient would likely need to possess an insulin pump in order to quickly and efficiently regulate their blood sugar levels. However, this treatment is by no means desirable and unequivocally does not result in a cure. Graves’ disease also has no cure. However, drugs can be administered to a patient with this disease in order to treat the symptoms. Graves’ disease patients may also go into remission due to specific treatments, however this is not always the

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