Essay about Autism Vs. Adhd : Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Autism

1587 Words Oct 1st, 2014 7 Pages
Autism versus ADHD Since the spike in diagnosis of Autism occurred in the early 2000’s, people have been relating the disorder to attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. Both of the disorders are mental disorders nationally recognized, however they are quite different for various reasons. Autism spectrum disorder, ASD, is a disorder with different levels of intensity that is characterized by difficulty communicating and repetitive conducts. It varies from high functioning autism spectrum disorder (Asperger’s syndrome) to severe autism spectrum disorder (Rett Syndrome). Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder include, struggle making eye contact, nonverbal behavior, lack of awareness, and an inability or difficulty understanding social signals, such as differentiating facial expressions or tone of voice. They also experience trouble regulating emotions anxiety around other people, distancing themselves from other people or complete avoidance, excessive shyness, and issues with physical contact. Not every autistic person has every symptom, but they generally have a large amount of them. According to the recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder, one must have “Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts” which could be current behavior or previous. The prevalence of Attention Deficit/hyperactivity disorder in comparison to Autism Spectrum Disorder is…

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