Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd ) Essay

703 Words Oct 16th, 2015 3 Pages
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. A child with ASD often suffers many learning disabilities, including recognizing social cues, understanding social interaction and learning language (Centelles, Assaiante, Etchegoyhen, Bouvard, & Schmitz 2013). Children with ASD tend to have rigid repetitive behaviors, socializing issues and communication problems; these occured in approximately 1 out of 68 children (1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls) in the United States in 2010 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The prevalence of children being diagnosed with ASD has increased by 78% between 2002 and 2008 (CDC 2014). The CDC states that ASD is five times more common among boys than girls and about 2% to 8% of second children have ASD. In addition, regardless of different age groups, the increase in ASD along boys was greater than girls (Blumberg et al, 2013). In age group 6-9, the increased prevalence for boys was 0.54% greater than girls. Research has shown that the male preponderance of ASD is due to the biological factor of carrying chromosome X and fetal testosterone, which verge the gateway of genetic liability for ASD (Dworzynski, Ronald, Bolton, & Happé 2012). Due to this, ASD is more common in boys than girls. Studies have shown that approximately 30% more Non-Hispanic white children have ASD than Non-Hispanic black children (CDC 2014).
Cultures shape the way people think and interpret information; the same…

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