Autism In Children

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Autism is a mental disability, present from early childhood, characterized by difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts. Autism can be identified in toddlers, mostly boys, from 18 to 30 months in age. According to Rapin (1997), “parents and pediatricians usually detect the disease when they notice the child’s lack of speech development and a lack of normal interest in others or a regression of early speech and sociability” (p. 97). Few disorders seem more confusing than autism. In fact, Autism now affects one in every sixty-eight children and one in every forty-two boys (Rapin, 1997). Coincidentally, although this number has significantly increased over the years the …show more content…
Today, the term autism refers to an individual who is removed from social interactions. Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist was the first person to use the term in 1911 (Mandal, 2000;2015) when describing a group of symptoms of schizophrenia. Then, in the 1940’s, the term autism became used throughout the United States to describe children with emotional or social problems. At this point, autism and schizophrenia became almost interchangeable until the 1960’s. It was then when licensed practitioners began to differentiate the terminology between the two, ultimately creating a distinct description of autism so it could be better diagnosed in young …show more content…
Some of these aspects entail: sensory processing and critical thinking skills; relating socio-emotional concepts; language and communication; and information processing/ learning styles (Lane, Keane & Clark, 2012). Moreover, students with Autism also face many cognitive difficulties. These students have a difficult time appreciating others’ thoughts and feelings, they have problems regulating and controlling their behavior, and they also have an enhanced ability to perceive details. Expressive and receptive language difficulties are a major characteristic of students with Autism disorder. Students with the disorder may also show signs of limited use of gestures to express interpersonal feelings or elicit joint attention (Lane, Keane & Clark, 2012). Students with the disorder also have a hard time picking up the intentions of others actions upon them or even other people. Students with Autism show signs of problems with understanding facial expressions, voice tone and body language as well. Autistic students show difficulty in distinguishing age, sex and socially related characteristics in people, treating everyone the same. Most individuals with Autism present with restricted repetitive and stereotypical patterns of behavior, interests and activities (Lane, Keane & Clark,

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