Liberalism: The Rise Of China's Superpower

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Everything in this world is tend to change. Beginning with the climate, technologies, population and ending with the economy, politics and international relations. China is not an exception in those changes. Over the last couple of years China has developed its economy to very significant level, under these circumstances it is possible that China could become a world’s superpower. This essay will consist of three parts, each part will look at different ways of analyzing the rise of China, concentrating on terms of dominant theories of International Relations: realism, liberalism and Critical Theory. In addition, this paper will try to explain why liberalism is more suitable theory for everyone who involved in the extension of this country. …show more content…
Mearsheimer for The Spectator in 2010 will be used for analyzing the first theory - realism. It could be said that the name of the article is a short summary of all arguments shown in the paper. Mearsheimer (2010) begins with a statement: «It is likely to lead to intense security competition with the US — and considerable potential for war». This phrase means that China should be considered as a threat because the rise of China has influence on the global balance of power as a result it could cause a war. As realist tend to believe that it is necessary for nations to be ready for war, which is the worst-case scenario (Steans et al., 2013), it undoubtedly shows that Mearsheimer’s article is written from a realist viewpoint. Realists argue that human nature is self-interested, aggressive and human beings usually put their own interests above others (Steans et al., 2013). Same could be said about states, which are central actors, they concentrate on their own goals without regard to the constrains of law or morality. They think that it is important to keep the balance which means when one country gets to be stronger, another one must become weaker. That is one of the reasons for the US to fear the …show more content…
In compassion to realist ideas, liberals are generally tend to believe that they can avoid conflicts as human beings are good by their nature. An article called ‘US Policy at a Crossroads: Constructive Engagement or Hostile Containment?’ published by the Friend Committee on National Legislation discussed how both, The United States and China, significantly depends on each other. As both countries want to ‘promote a peaceful and stable world and a fair international system for trade and investment’ (Friends Committee on National Legislation, 2005). They built economically beneficial relations. The US builds factories in China which gives many people an opportunity to work and helps to stabilize the economy, while China, in return, provides inexpensive products so cost of living in US can be lower. On the other hand social factors in those relations matters as well. Over the last 25 years the US are more open to accept Chinese nation. The number of tourists from China is growing same as an amount of students who are welcomed to US universities, as well as to a variety of other education and cultural programms. Lieberman (2005) said : “For the first time ever an economic and military superpower is about to emerge without war or catastrophe”.
It is important to note however, that although liberalism have more benefits for both sides involved, it also has some flaws. In opposite to realism, in liberalism power is present in private as well

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