Australia Involvement In The Vietnam War Essay

Improved Essays
The Vietnam War has been one of the most well known conflicts in the Cold War era as it still has significant impacts on today’s international relations and diplomacy between Australia and other countries. Tracing its events back into history, the origin of the Vietnam War was merely a national conflict of the Northern and Southern parts of Vietnam. The Vietnam War resulted in the involvement of more than 60,000 Australian personnel, 521 of them killed and more than 3000 wounded. Among many aspects of the Vietnam War, one of the things that fascinate a lot of modern Australian historians is how Australia became involved in the Vietnam War.

There are many factors for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War, but the main reasons include the fear of communism, which gave rise to two other important factors: Australia fulfilling the
…show more content…
The rebellion of the communist party of Malaya in 1948, the Soviet Union atomic bomb test in 1949, the victory of the communist party in the Chinese Civil War and the Korean War in 1950. These conflicts and events were marked as communist aggression. This belief was supported by the domino theory as it speculates that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then its surrounding countries would also follow this phenomenon in a domino effect. Taking this theory into account, there was a widespread fear of communism among many Australians, as they feared that Australia would ultimately succumb to communism due to their geographical proximity to the communised countries.

After Australia’s experience with the Japanese in World War Two, the fear of aggression from Asian countries was exacerbated by communism. In order to enhance its national security, Australia signed the ANZUS treaty with New Zealand and the United States. This treaty was signed in September 1951 and came into effect the following

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    This was, again, related to the idea of ‘forward defence’. Containment was as well easily seen with our concern over Indonesia. Australia feared that if Indonesia were to be taken over by communist countries that Australia would be invaded too, due to its proximity to Indonesia, their over population, the PKI (the communist party of Indonesia) and our xenophobia towards Asian people. In conclusion, Australia had many reasons for entering the Vietnam war, from proving to America how loyal we were, to showing how powerful we could be, as well as strategised. This showed as well how Australian politicians such as Menzies used peoples fear of communism for political gain.…

    • 1048 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This had the effect of spreading McCarthyism. There was propaganda on the dangers of communism, and on what would happen if America fell to communism. These propaganda campaigns turned communists into monsters to the public who needed to be stopped. The propaganda also caused people to support McCarthyism, because he was doing his best to ensure that communism never took over America. There were ads on how to find communists, and where to report if you did find one.…

    • 1426 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cold War Impact

    • 2553 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Stalin was seen as another “Hitler” for intention to control all of Europe. This conflict was what initially started the Cold War. An example of communist expansionism being stopped by the Americans was during the two major wars of the Vietnam and Korean War. Although these two wars had major impacts on our country,…

    • 2553 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In addition, in 1954 the Secretary of State admitted, “ If the world communism captures any American Sate, however small, a new and perilous front is established which will increase the danger to the entire free world” (Doc B). The Secretary of State suggests that to let any state fall to communism is to widen the door for the domination of communism. From this it is clear that the government prioritized the defense of the nation and it’s ability to keep communism out of the country. Similarly, this is also illustrated in chart depicting the statistical spending of the United…

    • 1432 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Japanese advancement throughout Asia-Pacific greatly concerned the Allies. While the war had begun in 1939, things began getting troublesome for Australians, when the Japanese advancement became apparent. With the fall of Singapore, the bombing of Pearl Harbour and the battle at Kokoda, the Allied forces had to work together to overcome the Japanese. While Australia had previously been in the war, Japanese aggression provoked panic throughout the country. Australian troops had previously been in Europe and North Africa trying to keep the Germans and Italians at bay.…

    • 1034 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The changing foreign policy and alliances during World War 2 (1939-1945) saw Australia begin to shift its dependence from Britain to the United States of America (USA), due to threatening attacks from Japan, consequently impacting Australia’s participation in the war and the shaping of the nation’s policies and identity. As the Axis forces continued to advance with Japan at the forefront, threat toward Australia grew and the country questioned their connection with their ‘Mother Country’. Australia had to look elsewhere for protection, thus involving the USA, and forming a new alliance. This led to Australia both becoming a more independent country and significantly shaped the foreign policy and country’s national identity. Early in the war,…

    • 1135 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Pearl Harbor Attack Essay

    • 1471 Words
    • 6 Pages

    why some historians believe that the attack on Pearl Harbor condemned the Empire of Japan the defeat since woke up to the sleeping giant because, regardless of the fuel tanks or shipyards have been destroyed, or that the carriers had been surprised in port and sunk, the industrial capacity of the United States, a once mobilized, he was able to provide lots of resources on stages both the Pacific and the Atlantic. The perception of the treacherous nature of the attack on Pearl Harbor also woke up fears of sabotage or espionage about the Americans of Japanese ancestry and was a factor in the subsequent confinement of the Japanese in the United…

    • 1471 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Vietnam War and Its Effects on America From 1955 to 1975, a long, hideous war raged on throughout Asia. North Vietnam and their allies, the Viet Cong, faced off against South Vietnam and their U.S. allies over the communist control of North Vietnam (Tran & Fermoyle, 2012). The war ultimately ended with the U.S. withdrawing their forces and South Vietnam surrendering to the communist North. Aside from the loss of millions of lives, the war had costly effects on the face of America. At roughly twenty years long, the Vietnam War was the longest war the U.S. had ever fought.…

    • 2147 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    After the Second World War, tensions increased between the United States and the Soviet Union due to communism, ultimately leading to the Cold War. The American people were beginning to fear the spread of communism, increasing hysteria throughout the United States. The Eisenhower administration attempted to soothe the hysteria of Americans through legislation. However, American fear of communism and the failing of the economy kept American hysteria steady. Hysteria in America was at an all time high, due to the threat of communism and many other things.…

    • 1184 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    D), different visions of postwar began to diverge thus separating them behind a "iron certain". The concerning Americans grew critical of communism ideals which influenced the public mind. With both Greece and Turkey close to falling to communism, president Truman pledged in 45 million dollars to stop communism from advancing. This policy of containment was in as ensue to compromise the raging "red" fear. Stalin, who aimed to guarantee the security of the Soviet Union lead Russia to become the leading communist country.…

    • 1087 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays