Essay on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

907 Words Oct 17th, 2015 4 Pages
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become a common diagnosis in the United States, with reported rates in school-aged boys and girls of approximately 10% and 4%, respectively, and increasing numbers of children on stimulant medications (Furman, 2005). Professional organizations, including the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, have issued consensus statements on the evaluation and treatment of ADHD, and most physicians accept ADHD as a diagnostic entity. Many teachers and parents also readily apply this label to children in their care. ADHD is described as the most common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood (Furman, 2005).
A specific cause of ADHD is not known. However, there are a number of factors implicated in its development. These include genetics, diet, social and environmental factors. Studies indicate that the disorder is highly heritable and that genetics contribute to most known cases. Researchers believe that the majority of ADHD cases arise from a combination of various genes, many of which affect dopamine transporters. Environmental factors implicated include alcohol and tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy and exposure to lead in very early life. The relationship between smoking and ADHD could be due to nicotine causing fetal hypoxia in utero. When a human is in utero they are at their most vulnerable state. Everything that the mother puts into her body affects the child’s…

Related Documents