Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

1560 Words Nov 29th, 2016 7 Pages
ADHD and Screening Biases for Girls
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is diagnosed in children ages 4-17 on a daily basis. In 2011 approximately 11% of children were identified as having ADHD according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s data and statistics. In the United States of America, “Boys (13.2%) were more likely than girls (5.6%) to have ever been diagnosed with ADHD (CDC). Why are girls less likely to be diagnosed than boys? Do girls not suffer from ADHD at the same rate as boys? Studies indicate that girls suffer at similar rates to boys, however, they are frequently underdiagnosed due to biases in the screening process and biases evident in those charged with using screening tools. It is imperative that we spend time to better educate teachers and administrators to help recognize symptoms of ADHD in girls and use screening tools which are inclusive of girls.
Current diagnostic tools used for ADHD such as the Conner’s Comprehensive Behavioral Rating Scale (CBRS) and the Vanderbilt Rating Scale are routinely used by teachers, administrators, and school counselors. The CBRS and other diagnostic tools employ a rating scale to be used by school personnel to document behavioral observations. Criteria for these tools are established using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). There are several criteria a child is expected to meet including showing signs and symptoms prior to age seven and “the symptoms must have a…

Related Documents