Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

1355 Words Mar 27th, 2016 6 Pages
There are many pediatric impairments and disorders that are treatable within a physical therapist’s scope of practice, such as Cerebral Palsy or Down syndrome. However, what happens when a child is being treated, who also has a diagnosis that cannot be treated with physical therapy, like Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder? It is our job to research the diagnosis and learn as much as we can, in order to give the best possible care to the patient. Knowing about the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, how it is diagnosed, and how it is treated will greatly increase our ability to provide encouraging and effective therapy.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder of inattention and distractibility, with or without the addition of hyperactivity. There are three main forms of ADHD described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) of the American Psychiatric Association: inattentive; hyperactive-impulsive; and combined1. Inattentive signs include trouble paying attention to details, a tendency to make careless errors in school, difficulty staying focused on tasks, possible listening problems, or difficulty following instructions. Hyperactive/impulsive signs are comprised of fidgeting or squirming, frustration remaining seated, excessive running or climbing, difficulty playing quietly, excessive talking, or problems with interrupting. The last type is a combination of the two other categories, which is the most common…

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